Topic outline

  • General

    Kandersteg

    Logo SystemsX.ch Logo SIB

    SystemsX.ch/SIB Joint Summer School: Systems Medicine and its applications

    Kandersteg, 22-27 June 2014

    Location: La Belle Epoque Victoria Hotel, Kandersteg

    Systems Biology has played an essential role in unraveling the mechanisms that govern life. Our understanding of disease has also been deepened thanks to the cooperation between bioinformaticians and systems biologists. Discoveries in these areas help towards improving the precision of diagnostics, as well as allowing treatments to be increasingly personalized.

    The growing importance of systems approaches in medicine has lead the Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics and SystemsX.ch to join forces to organize a Summer School for PhDs and postdocs entitled “Systems Medicine and its applications”. This course aims at training students and postdocs in cutting-edge methodologies relevant to biomedical research. It will also introduce classical as well as newly emerging fields of systems medicine and clinical bioinformatics applications. The course will address both theoretical sciences and clinical applications, including drug design and targeted therapies, the diverse uses of microbiomes, the application of big data efforts to the discovery and treatment of cancer or neurological diseases, etc.

    The summer school will take place in Kandersteg, a charming small village in the Bernese Oberland (Swiss Alps). The beautiful and remote setting, along with the challenging program, were chosen to promote and enhance the communication and interaction amongst teachers and students. Lectures, hands-on sessions and round-table discussions will provide the necessary environment to generate lively and informative discussions.

    Target audience: PhD students from Switzerland and abroad, with various backgrounds such as sys-tems biology, bioinformatics, computational biology, medicine, biochemistry, and willing to learn how to apply new computational approaches and big data to clinical problems. Format: Two lectures and practical/hands-on with computers per day.

    Practical information

    Format: Lectures, scientific papers’ discussion and practical/hands-on with computers.
    Note: Participants will bring laptops (with preinstalled software). Wireless connection will be available in the classroom.

    Contact and Organization

    Patricia Palagi
    SIB Swiss Institute for Bioinformatics
    Patricia.Palagi@isb-sib.ch
    Eavan Dorcey
    SystemsX.ch
    eavan.dorcey@systemsX.ch

    Scientific Committee

    • Ruedi Aebersold
    • Jacqui Beckmann
    • Manolis Dermitzakis
    • Jörg Stelling
    • Ioannis Xenarios
    • Evgeny Zdobnov
    • General program

      Sunday 22 June

      Participants arrive all day long

      19h: Welcome address, introduction, and dinner

      Monday 23 June

      Microbiome analysis for diagnostics of pathogens, systems level' health state readouts (biosensor), immediate environment characterisation

      9:00 – 12:00 George Weinstock (Washington University, USA) - The Microbiome, Infectious Diseases, and Next-generation Sequencing

      Abstract: The human microbiome, the microbes that colonize the human body, affect almost all aspects of human biology. Our understanding of the microbiome has exploded as DNA sequencing methods increased data production by orders of magnitude with a comparable decrease in cost. These advances are now being applied broadly in medicine as connections are sought between our microbes and health and diseases. Moreover, traditional infectious disease approaches are also being revolutionized by nucleotide-level tracking and characterization of pathogens. Together this is providing new insights into personal and public health.

      12:00 – 13:30 Lunch

      13:30 – 16:30 Jeroen Raes (VIB, Vrije Universiteit Brussels, BE) - NGS and novel computational approaches to investigate human microbiome

      Big data efforts applied to disease understanding, diagnostics and treatments

      17:00 – 18:30 Ioannis Xenarios (SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, University of Lausanne, CH)

      19:00 – 20:30 Dinner

      20:30 – 22:00 Ioannis Xenarios (cont., SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, University of Lausanne, CH) - Big Data efforts applied to disease understanding, diagnostics and treatment

      Abstract: The presentation will cover several aspects of knowledge representation and efforts in the curation fields, I will dedicate the first part of the presentation to the resources currently at hand in the field of biology and medicine and describe a few research and development projects that tackle large scale data analysis in Cancer, Alzheimer and Diabetes. I will also introduce some area of systems modeling as way to prioritize treatments regimen and stratify the patient population.

      • Tuesday 24 June

        Big data efforts applied to disease understanding, diagnostics and treatments

        9:00 - 10:30 Prof. Norbert Graf (Universität des Saarlandes, Germany) - Information technology and personalized Medicine. A clinical perspective

        Abstract: Medicine is undergoing a paradigm shift, which gradually transforms the nature of healthcare from reactive to preventive. The changes are catalyzed by a new approach to disease  that  has  triggered  the  emergence  of personalized  medicine  focusing  on integrated diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease in individual patients. The pre-­‐requisites for this are the convergence of systems approaches to disease, new measurement,  modeling and  visualization  technologies,  and  new  computational  and mathematical tools (http://www.cra.org/ccc/initiatives). 

        While the goal is clear, the path to it has been fraught with roadblocks in terms of technical, scientific, and sociological challenges. The first step to facilitate the gradual translation from current medical practices to personalized medicine is to bring together internationally recognised leaders in their fields to create an innovative computational, service-­‐oriented  IT infrastructure. The emphasis must be to provide an open, modular architectural framework for tools, models and services:

        • to share and handle efficiently the enormous personalized data sets
          • coming from clinical trials and 
          • hospital information systems (HIS)
        • •to  ensure  that  policies  for  privacy,  non-­‐discrimination,   and  access  to  data, services, tools and models are implemented to maximize data protection and data security
        • to enable demanding Virtual Physiological Human (VPH) simulations
          • for  which  standardization  and  semantic  data  interoperability  is  a  major issue
        • to integrate models from system biology with VPH models       
        • to build and standardize tools and models
          • for explicit reuse of tools and services 
          • to  guarantee  that  tools,  services  and  models  are  clinically  driven  and  do enhance decision support
        • to provide tools for large-­‐scale,  privacy-­‐preserving  data mining, and literature mining
        • to enhance patient empowerment

        The design and development of such a modular architectural framework is technologically challenging. In addition all tools, models and services need to be evaluated and validated by end-­‐users. Usability of these tools is a major issue and is essential   for   starting   a   certification   process.   Feedback   loops   to   developers   for continuous improvements have to be integrated. Such an innovative architecture should promote the principle of open source. All tools, models and services have to be tested in concrete advanced clinical research projects and clinical trials that target urgent topics of the medical research community, a key area of societal importance. Maintenance and further developments of the framework need to be addressed from the beginning. To sustain such a self-­‐supporting infrastructure realistic use cases have to offer tangible results for end-­‐users in their daily practice. Teaching and educational programs for end-­‐ users have to be implemented to facilitate the access to the platform and the use of tools, models and services.


        10:30 - 11:00 Coffee break

        11:00 - 12:30 Prof. Norbert Graf - Demonstration of some tools and discussions

        12:30 – 14:00 Lunch

        14:00 – 17:30 Timothy W. Clark (Mass General Institute for Neurodegenerative Disease, USA) - Next-generation scientific publishing and scientific reproducibility

        Lecture: This talk will review a series of problems in scientific communication traceable to the incomplete transition of printed material to the Web as well as relentless working of Moore's Law on scientific instruments. It will analyze various critiques and proposals for implementing the "next generation" in scientific publishing. This topic has exceptional importance for bioinformaticians because it promises / threatens to provide them with a potentially huge volume of data for meta-analysis. Likewise it has implications for industrial drug discovery and translational research.

        14:50 Coffee break

        15:00 Break into groups and discuss the following papers, which should have been read prior to arrival; prepare to present on them to the wider group.

        Group A

        Questions: What do the first two papers suggest are probable causes of reproducibility failures? How do the second two papers address them? Are the solutions suggested adequate? Are there any practices of the pharmaceutical companies themselves that can lead to reproducibility failures?

        Group B:

        Questions: Briefly explain potential contribution of data citation to improve reproducibility. Are there other potential advantages? Review the three journal articles and comment on them in terms of the data citation principles.

        15:50 Break

        16:00 Groups A, B each have 20 minutes to present their conclusions + ten minutes each discussion time.

        17:00 Concluding discussion: compare and contrast: Nature Scientific Data vs. F1000 Research vs. PeerJ vs. GigaScience as next-generation publishing efforts.

        19:30 – 21:30 Dinner

        • Wednesday 25 June

          Human genomics variation, drug design targeting the right patient

          8:30 – 12:00  Manolis Dermitzakis (SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, University of Geneva, CH) - From Population and Personalized Genomics to Personalized Medicine

          Abstract: Molecular phenotypes are important phenotypes that inform about genetic and environmental effects on cellular state. The elucidation of the genetics of gene expression and other cellular phenotypes are highly informative of the impact of genetic variants in the cell and the subsequent consequences in the organism. In this talk I will discuss recent advances in key areas of the analysis of the genomics of gene expression and cellular phenotypes in human populations and multiple tissues and how this assists in the interpretation of regulatory networks and human disease variants. I will also discuss how the recent advances in next generation sequencing and functional genomics are informing us about the impact of regulatory variation in cancer. Finally, I will present some perspectives on how these developments are bringing us closer to the promise of personalized medicine.

          12:00 – 17:30 Lunch. Track in the mountains or Speed presentations and poster session (weather dependent)

          18:30 – 20:00 Dinner

          20:00 – 23:00 Olivier Michielin (SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, University of Lausanne / CHUV, CH) - Targeting stage IV melanomas

          Abstract: Progress in genomics with, in particular, next generation sequencing is revolutionizing oncology. The impact of these techniques is seen on the one hand on the identification of germline mutations that predispose to a given type of cancer, allowing for a personalized care of patients or healthy carriers and, on the other hand, on the characterization of all acquired somatic mutation of the tumor cell, opening the door to personalized treatment targeting the driver oncogenes. In both cases, next generation sequencing techniques allow a global approach whereby the integrality of the genome mutations is analyzed and correlated with the clinical data. The benefits on the quality of care delivered to our patients are extremely impressive. During this workshop we will illustrate how these approaches have changed the way we are now treating stage IV melanoma. Insights on the use of genetics and genomics data in clinical practice will be given. We will also discuss how genetic variants can be targeted with highly specific inhibitors.

          Software installation:

          VMD: http://www.ks.uiuc.edu/Development/Download/download.cgi?PackageName=VMD

          UCSF Chimera: http://www.cgl.ucsf.edu/chimera/download.html

          Reading material:

          • Thursday 26 June

            Big data efforts applied to disease understanding, diagnostics and treatments

            9:00 – 12:30 Track in the mountains or Speed presentations and poster session (weather dependent)

            12:30 – 14:00 Lunch

            14:00 – 17:30  Rune Linding (Technical University of Denmark, DK) - Decoding Network Dynamics in Cancer - Cancelled

            Abstract: Biological systems are composed of highly dynamic and interconnected molecular networks that drive biological decision processes. The goal of network biology is to describe, quantify and predict the information flow and functional behavior of living systems in a formal language and with an accuracy that parallels our characterization of other physical systems such as Jumbo-jets. Decades of targeted molecular and biological studies have led to numerous pathway models of developmental and disease related processes. However, so far no global models have been derived from pathways, capable of predicting cellular trajectories in time, space or disease. The development of high-throughput methodologies has further enhanced our ability to obtain quantitative genomic, proteomic and phenotypic readouts for many genes/proteins simultaneously. Here, I will discuss how it is now possible to derive network models through computational integration of systematic, large-scale, high-dimensional quantitative data sets. I will review our latest advances in methods for exploring phosphorylation networks. In particular I will discuss how the combination of quantitative mass-spectrometry, systems-genetics and computational algorithms (NetworKIN [1], NetPhorest [4] and KinomeXplorer [10]) made it possible for us to derive systems-level models of JNK and EphR signaling networks [2,3]. I shall discuss work we have done in comparative phospho-proteomics and network evolution[5-7]. Finally, I will discuss our most recent work in analyzing genomic sequencing data from NGS studies and how we have developed new powerful algorithms to predict the impact of disease mutations on cellular signaling networks [8,9]. I shall illustrate the power of these approaches in a recent study where we have identified colon cancer metastasis cell signaling networks.
            References:

            19:30 – 21:30 Dinner

            • Friday 27 June

              Personalized medicine - Prof. Rudi Balling (University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg)

              9:00 - 9:40 Talk by Prof Balling on "Interdisciplinarity: Easier said than done"
              9:40 - 10:00 Discussion
              10:00 - 10:30 Coffee break
              10:30 - 11:40 Talk by Prof Balling on "Parkinson's disease: From Systemsbiology to Systemsmedicine"
              11:40 - 12:30h Open discussion on "What I always wanted to know about personalized medicine"
              12:30 – 14:00 Lunch

              14:00 Departures